About Apnoea

Apnoea Information

The term "Apnoea" designates a sports event where the athlete holds his breath keeping the face below the surface of the water. Free diving is a technique used in various aquatic activities. While in general all aquatic activities that include breath-hold diving might be classified as a part of free diving, some sports are better established than others. Examples of recognized freex diving activities are (non-) competitive free diving, (non-) competitive spear fishing and free diving photography. Less recognised examples of free diving include, but are not limited to, synchronised swimming, underwater rugby, underwater hockey, underwater target shooting, underwater hunting other than spear fishing, and snorkelling. The discussion remains whether free diving is only a synonym for breath-hold diving or whether it describes a specific group of underwater activities. Free diving is often strongly associated with competitive breath-hold diving or Competitive Apnoea

Competitive free diving is currently governed by various associations and one of them is CMAS. Most types of competitive free diving have in common that it is an individual sport based on the best individual achievement. There are currently eleven disciplines in CMAS. All disciplines can be done by both men and women. The disciplines can be done both in competition and as a record attempt. But currently only Dynamic with Fins and Jump Blue Apnoea has got approved rules for championships and Constant Weight Apnoea for record attempts. The commission has done the draft rules for other disciplines and those are to be finished t the next commission meeting.

Static Apnoea:
Static Apnoea is an event where the athlete aims at performing a maximum duration apnoea minimally over a time declared beforehand and if possible going beyond this time. The event is conducted in a swimming-pool or in open water.

Dynamic Apnoea With or Without Fins:
Dynamic apnoea is an event where the athlete aims at covering the maximal horizontal distance by swimming in apnoea with or without fins. The event can be conducted in a swimming-pool or in open water and with the use of fins (bi-fins or monofin) or without. When fins are used, they must be powered only by the muscular power of the athlete, without use of any mechanism, even if the latter is activated by the muscles.

Speed-Endurance Apnoea:
Speed-Endurance apnoea is an event where the athlete aims at covering a fixed distance at the minimum possible time. The event is conducted in a swimming-pool and is swum in fractions of a pool length alternating apnoea swimming with passive recovery at the pool's ends.